Barton, who worked as a clerk in the U.S. patent office when the Civil many of the women went back to their traditional roles in society and. The American Civil War increased the difficulty of family formation caused by sex Despite the obvious hindrance that military service posed to courtship and.
Families, particularly from the emerging middle class began to delay marriage and of course courtship from the teens to valero morabito dating twenties in order to shorten the child bearing years of their daughters and sisters. In addition, urbanization and industrialization american civil war teen dating traditions the living patterns of young men who moved from their communities to take up new occupations. It became more incumbent on them to establish themselves first before assuming the liability of a wife and children. Courtship practices were tightened and writers began undermining "romantic love" by advancing and advocating the ideas of compatibility, shared interests and mutual respect. American civil war teen dating traditions was considered a serious step requiring intellectual analysis rather than emotional responses. Nonetheless, hormones do not change because the mind insists that they be ignored and sexual playfulness was often part of courting.
The consciousness of time is what one feels when performing the action of reading, to have the action visibly marked by the passing of dates gives evidence of the action and of the real-life events' impact, for it causes a progression. Uncertainty is felt in many instances, what will the next entry be, will I understand the references or will I become disoriented, will the temporal events continue to build? The uncertainty that the reader feels is paralleled to the uncertainty of the real-life experience heightened by war.
The rhythmical expectant motion of each entry and day, mixed with the unexpectant element of the content; mimics the rigidness of the war, uniforms, daily routine, even a process in battle; which is contrasted with the vulnerability of war and death.
The reader feels a comfort yet distinct vulnerability in reading Alice Williamson's diary, the probable feelings that she herself felt when writing. A sense of security is setup in communicating to through writing or reading something that has no agency. This is felt in the writing and reading of a diary heightened by the formal structure of the media.
However, one may feel vulnerable in what is said, she speaks of war and death. Williamson seems to unintentionally scare at least some of her modern readers, her images are bold and unemotional, and thankfully secured on a page. Those accustomed to war most likely feel a different vulnerability, that of pained truth a reminder of their own lives insecurity. Williamson writes: March 12th Old Payne dined at Mrs. Hales today: Yesterday he went up the country a few miles to a Mr.
Dalton's whose son came home from the Southern Army the day before and had the same day taken the Amnesty Oath. Riding up to the door he inquired of Mr. Dalton if his son was at home but before he answered his son came to the door. Old Nick then told him to get his horse and go with him. After insulting the father he carried his son a half mile away and shot him six times. One of Payne's escort hearing the young man groan with pain placed a pistol to his temple and remarked, I will stop that, sir, he shot him again.
But this is nothing new this is the fifth man that has been shot in this way, besides numbers that have been carried off by scouts and never return. March 12th Weather moderate; so is old Payne, but as weather is changeable our general is too. Sacks speaks of the healing affects of repetition, perhaps this 16 year old girl finds comfort in repeatedly describing the horrific images of General Paine shootings throughout her diary.
Her words serve to normalize, soothe, and eventually comfort the reader in her repetition that may have been her own anecdote for the death now surrounding both the reader and the writer.
The engagement of the text is contrasted undisruptively by an oddity found in the text. Alice Williamson's age and sex are contrasted by subjects addressed in her journal, confusing both the modern and historical reader's response criticism. Female youth during the period represented "hopeful possibilities and prospects for the country The singular focus of the war and the absence of "feminine" issues is uncommon amongst Civil War journals by women during the period; even amongst the majority of journals geared toward the preservation of history as Williamson's.
The decrease of publishing during the war would have meant these novels most likely were still read by women such as Williamson, who proves an active reader, citing the daily newspaper in her journal: August I pity that place. By citing the daily newspaper she works to assert her opinions with some backing.
But also focuses her attention to external events rather than focusing on herself and the family. Women during the Civil War became part of a transitional movement from the refined "lady" of the early 's, defined and judged by her religious devotion and her relation to her family prescribed to young girls in such magazines as the Godey's Lady Book ; to a more modern conception of feminism.
Women began to have a greater influence and role in the development of the larger society. Kava, pg. This is not to say that the "traditional" importance of women remaining in the domestic sphere was abolished, it certainly was not. Soldiers "needed" a place to come "home" to, something to be sustained; it was the women's job to still create this while trying to expand their roles in society. Williamson excludes socially defined feminine issues from the topics of her journal, instead choosing to talk solely about the daily events of war in the personal forum using a temporal manner.
This creates the feeling that the progression of time will not make new hopeful possibilities, clarifying that motherhood is not a prospect of the future she is looking forward to or planning for in the way we saw in The Coquette by Hannah W. She rejects the period's socialized obligation of motherhood, as well as the previous eras coquettish ideas. Yet, she complies to another form of obligation; that which is being read by the reader.
The reader reads her alternative form of female obligation, that of recording of history for her "rebel brothers. The same deceptiveness she describes the General having in the diary. The General Paine referred to by Williamson as Old Payne, Our king, his lordship, Tempest, and old hurricane; stole locals furniture for his own usage. Eleazar Williamson reference to this is: His lordship left Tuesday. Wednesday three wagons loaded with furniture came over.
I do not pretend to say that he sent them. I indeed, I would not. I would not slander our king. Any old citizen can see by going to his Payne's palace that his furniture was not taken from Archie Miller's house and other places near by. He always goes for the rebels but invariably brings furniture. In this passage Williamson describes personal belongings getting into someone else's hands, she displays a familial like obligation to protect Paine, while deceiving others. Is this perhaps what we the reader are doing, obtaining something personal, questioning our alliances and deceiving others?
The meaning of Alice Williamson's diary could be described as an example of the changing roles women's during the Civil War Kava, Boatwright, Davidson, Gwin represented by what is often seen as the pulse of a culture, its youth Fox, , relayed first hand. But that is only half the story. The importance of reading a text as an experience is as crucial to the text as the subject. Clearly, we each come to the reading experience with our own personal baggage. The perception of a diary and femininity for each individual and time period is different.
The form one writes in affects the reader's perception of the text and the message. The perception of time creates as much meaning as the text itself. The method of discussion can be healing form of elegy in a time of pain. Acknowledgment of one's audience creates history in a public manner serving to either include or exclude, heightening the readers awareness of their own interaction with the text.
Bibliography Arnold, Laura. The Coquette," Portland: Reed College, Boatwright, Eleanor M. Status of Women in Georgia, Carlson Publishing, Davidson, Cathy N. Revolution and the WORD: Rise of The Novel in America.
New York: Oxford University Press, Eleazar Arthur Paine. Sumner County Historical Society, East, Charles. University of Georgia Press, Fox, Richard W. A Companion To American Thought. Blackwell Publishers, Gwin, Minrose ed. A Woman's Civil War: A Diary, with Reminiscences of the War from March The University of Wisconsin Press, Kava, Beth M. We, The American Women: A Documentary History.
Washington Park in Mexia. This was especially true in the s, Turner explains, with the Consumer Age infiltrating black society with advertisements for fancier Juneteenth getups and more elaborate displays of pomp and circumstance. Actually, it occurred at the tail end of the movement, two months after its most prominent leader had been shot down.
As is well-known, Martin Luther King Jr. Following his assassination, it was left to others to carry out the plan, among them his best friend, the Rev. Ralph Abernathy, and his widow, Coretta Scott King. As William H. Wiggins Jr. It was, in effect, another great black migration. Who Was Plessy. Leading the charge was Rep.
As a concession to Lost Cause devotees, Texas reaffirmed its commitment to observing Jan. Since then, 41 other states and the District of Columbia have recognized Juneteenth as a state holiday or holiday observance, including Rhode Island earlier this year.
Every year we must remind successive generations that this event triggered a series of events that one by one defines the challenges and responsibilities of successive generations. Ronald Meyers, is committed to making Juneteenth a federal holiday on a par with Flag and Patriot days. They are not calling for Juneteenth to be a paid government holiday, like Columbus Day. These days, Juneteenth is an opportunity not only to celebrate but also to speak out. Today it is estimated as many as 27 million people around the world are victims of modern slavery.
Capitol Visitor Center, thanks to the work of D. Eleanor Holmes Norton. Douglass will join three other African Americans in the hall: No doubt Douglass would be surprised to learn that such an honor had not been scheduled for Jan. But I have come to see the beauty in its unexpected past and persistence. Besides, June 19 is generally a more comfortable day for outdoor family fun — for fine jazz music and barbecue — than Jan.