Need to translate "date of birth" to Japanese? Here are 2 ways to say it. Enter a Japanese or Western year: is year 30 of the Heisei (平成) era, from 8 January to the present. This page can convert a Japanese era date like Meiji 14 into a Western year, or convert a Western year like into the Japanese era date. See also the FAQ page on Japanese years and the FAQ complete list of Japanese eras.
The current Japanese year is 31? Yep, it's the year 31 in Japan! While Japan adopted the Gregorian calendar in i. Japanese years are calculated by the number of years the Emperor has reigned. If the era is obvious, such as the current date or in relation to datee upcoming event, the letter may be left off entirely, i. Prior to that, different japanese date of birth could be declared within a single Emperor's reign.
This is an example of an age chart. The first column has the Japanese year, the second is the Gregorian calendar year, the third the animal of the year according to the Chinese zodiac, and the last is the current age of a person born in that year.
So if you look at the second column and find your Gregorian year of birth, or the last column and find how old you are or will be turning in the current year , you can easily determine your Japanese year of birth. A new era — the current Japanese Emperor will step down in In December , it was officially announced that Emperor Akihito will abdicate the throne on April 30, and his son, Crown Prince Naruhito will immediately succeed him on 1 May, Saying goodbye to the Heisei era — what defined the Heisei years and the significance of this era change.
This is the first time this has occurred in modern Japan's history, the last being years ago. Emperor Akihito, who is now in his 80s and been Emperor of Japan since his father, Emperor Hirohito, passed away in , expressed his desire to retire via a television address to the nation in August , citing his declining health over recent years which has included heart surgery and being treated for prostate cancer and worry over being able to continue with his duties, all be they largely ceremonial.
This law is currently not extended to his son or future successors to the throne. This means that as of 1 May , Japan will usher in a new era, and therefore the Heisei era will end in H Under usual circumstances, the new era name is only released on its first day, i.
It would be considered very impolite to publicly anticipate the passing of the country's figurehead ahead of time! The era name is what the Emperor is referred to posthumously. To refer to the reigning Emperor prematurely by their posthumous name is considered a faux pas. The future of the Japanese Imperial family and the Japanese date system The announcement of Emperor Akihito's abdication has also called into question whether reform is necessary for the carrying on of the Imperial family as a whole.
Prior to the Meiji Restoration, women of the Imperial family could become Emperor of Japan, and in fact Japan has had eight periods of female Imperial reign — six female Emperors, two of which reigned twice. Adopting an Imperial Chinese principle, the Meiji Constitution of banned women from ascending the Chrysanthemum throne, the first time in Japanese history.
Under current law, only a male may succeed the throne and with a large number of women in the family, there is currently only one male heir, year-old Prince Hisahito. In addition, women are expected to give up their royal status if they marry a commoner, an obligation not extended to their male counterparts. In fact, Princess Mako, the eldest granddaughter of Emperor Akihito, announced in September her informal engagement to her boyfriend of 5 years, whom she met at university.
Due to some personal financial troubles on her fiance's family's side, however, their official engagement and wedding ceremony, which were to take place in March and November of respectively, have been delayed until Whether the current custom of women of the Imperial Household losing their titles due to marriage and being excluded from ascending the throne will be phased out or not, what is clear is that the Japanese Imperial family and the Japanese calendar is here to stay at least for a good while yet.
So when in Japan, don't be confused that the year is missing two digits or that you have friends born in the year 1. A quick glance at a conversion table will clear things up. Article 5. The Minister of Justice shall not permit the naturalization of an alien unless he or she fulfills all of the following conditions: When an alien is, regardless of his or her intention, unable to deprive himself or herself of his or her current nationality, the Minister of Justice may permit the naturalization of the alien, notwithstanding that the alien does not fulfill the conditions set forth in item 5 of the preceding paragraph, if the Minister of Justice finds exceptional circumstances in his or her family relationship with a Japanese national, or other circumstances.
Article 6. The Minister of Justice may permit the naturalization of an alien notwithstanding that the alien does not fulfill the condition set forth in item 1 of paragraph 1 of the last preceding Article, provided that the said alien falls under any one of the following items, and is presently domiciled in Japan: Article 7. The Minister of Justice may permit the naturalization of an alien who is the spouse of a Japanese national notwithstanding that the said alien does not fulfill the conditions set forth in items 1 and 2 of paragraph 1 of Article 5, if the said alien has had a domicile or residence in Japan for three consecutive years or more and is presently domiciled in Japan.
The same rule shall apply in the case where an alien who is the spouse of a Japanese national has been married with the Japanese national for three years or more and has had a domicile in Japan for one consecutive year or more. Article 8. The Minister of Justice may permit the naturalization of an alien notwithstanding that the alien does not fulfill the conditions set forth in items 1 , 2 and 4 of paragraph 1 of Article 5, provided that the alien falls under any one of the following items: Article 9.
With respect to an alien who has rendered especially meritorious service to Japan, the Minister of Justice may, notwithstanding the provision of Article 5, paragraph 1, permit the naturalization of the alien with the approval of the Diet. Article The Minister of Justice shall, when permitting naturalization, make an announcement to that effect by public notice in the Official Gazette. The naturalization shall come into effect as from the date of the public notice under the preceding paragraph.
Loss of nationality Article A Japanese national shall lose Japanese nationality when he or she acquires a foreign nationality by his or her own choice. A Japanese national having a foreign nationality shall lose Japanese nationality if he or she chooses the foreign nationality in accordance with the laws of the foreign country concerned.
A Japanese national who was born in a foreign country and has acquired a foreign nationality by birth shall lose Japanese nationality retroactively as from the time of birth, unless the Japanese national clearly indicates his or her volition to reserve Japanese nationality according to the provisions of the Family Registration Law Law No.
A Japanese national having a foreign nationality may renounce Japanese nationality by making notification to the Minister of Justice. The person who made notification in accordance with the preceding paragraph shall lose Japanese nationality at the time of the notification.
Choice of nationalities Article A Japanese national having a foreign nationality shall choose either of the nationalities before he or she reaches twenty two years of age if he or she has acquired both nationalities on and before the day when he or she reaches twenty years of age or, within two years after the day when he or she acquired the second nationality if he or she acquired such nationality after the day when he or she reached twenty years of age.
The Minister of Justice may, by written notice, require a Japanese national having a foreign nationality who fails to choose Japanese nationality within the period prescribed in paragraph 1 of the last preceding Article to choose one of the nationalities he or she possesses.
The notice provided for in the preceding paragraph may be made by means of announcement thereof in the Official Gazette, in the case where the person who is to receive the notice is missing or in any other circumstances where it is impossible to send the notice to the person concerned.
In this case, the notice shall be deemed to reach the person concerned on the day following the day when the announcement is made in the Official Gazette.