Title: Evaluación del tejido adiposo visceral y de la concentración de lípidos en mujeres pre y posmenopáusicas. Basurto-Acevedo, L.1 firstname.lastname@example.org Las concentraciones de estradiol fueron inferiores en el grupo 1 ( ± vs y Metabolismo, Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI (IMSS), Ciudad de México. Women over 40 dating site Wpnv yahoo dating Bucks county hook up Headset hookswitch control What is van der waals equation yahoo dating Dating fishbowl .
Despite these benefits, this therapy can lead to radioactive dating math metabolic changes, disturbances in glicidic and lipid metabolism, such as glucose intolerance and metabolismo de los lipidos yahoo dating. Furthermore, there is a redistribution of body fat, with loss of peripheral adipose tissue and central fat dating wokingham berkshire. It characterize rating lipodystrophy syndrome, which increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases2. The etiology of lipodystrophy is related with the infection itself, metabolismp with the use of antiretroviral therapy, especially protease inhibitors PIs. The susceptibility of PLHIV to metabolic changes varies and it is influenced by several factors, such as time of infection, therapy, genetics and lifestyle dietary intake and practice of physical exercises 3. Whereas the diet is related to metabolismo de los lipidos yahoo dating of metabolic complications in PLHIV and nutritional assistance it has been valued this recognition to this group of patients. However, there is a lack of accurate information about possible associations between dietary profile and clinical-nutritional status using HAART4.
Regarding anthropometric parameters, there was no significant difference in the classification of food consumption, as well as in the studies of Arendt 19, Duran 15 and Samaras This may be related with small sample, the limitation of the questionnaire used, with the reduced period of time this evaluates, or even influence the infection and HAART exerts on body composition in these patients.
In addition, most of the patients studied were overweight, corroborating with Sahah 21 and opposed to the results of research conducted by Guimaraes 22, Jaime 23, Ogalha 24, Cahan 25, in which this population presented appropriate weight eutrophy.
Concerning the accumulation of fat in the abdominal area, typical of lipodystrophy, was noted greater inadequacy in this parameter compared to the BMI. This fact has also been reported in the study of Jaime Waist circumference values found in this study varied in the range described in the literature: The group classified as "good" food consumption showed better levels of HDL-c, emphasizing the adoption of healthy diet practices could contribute to significatives changes, mainly in abdominal fat reduction and lipid profile in PVHIV The sample was divided according to the use of PIs in antiretroviral combination and there has been an increase of triglycerides and VLDL.
According to studies, the use of PIs cause apoptosis of subcutaneous adipocytes and contributes to increased expression and secretion of Pro-Inflammatory Cytokines involved in Adipocyte function modification and reduction of adiponectin29, In addition, studies show that adipose tissue of patients receiving PIs presents a reduction in the expression of transcription factors involved in adipogenesis31, Tsiodras et al.
Purnell et al 34 found high serum levels of total cholesterol, triglycerides, lipoproteins and lipoprotein B in the subject after studying healthy individuals infected with HIV not receiving PIs during 2 weeks. The increase in triglycerides in patients on use of PIs was also verified in another study of Tsiodras In relation to biochemical parameters, it was verified that a good diet was associated with better values of HDL-c, corroborating with the idea that healthy eating practices can contribute to significant changes, especially in the reduction of abdominal fat and lipid profile in PLHIV26,27, With the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome assuming the profile of chronic disease, non-pharmacological interventions have been recommended for the treatment of lipodystrophy syndrome in PLHIV In this way, studies like this should be developed in order to enlighten the relationship between food consumption and anti-retroviral therapy with parameters in lipodystrophy, contributing to the planning of safe and effective strategies for treating PLHIV.
The results of this study indicate the necessity for a continuous monitoring of patients of HIV-positive patients, especially those using PIs. Due to metabolic disorders caused by infection and the antiretroviral therapy the need for non-pharmacological interventions is are essential. Conclusion The group with food consumption classified as "good" obtained betters levels of HDL-c than the "poor" group. These results indicate which adequate diet habits represent a protective factor, as well as IP use, a risk factor to development to cardiovascular diseases.
The authors declare no conflicts of interest. Teresa Dantas. References 1. AIDS ; Cardiovascular risk evaluation and antiretroviral therapy effects in an HIV cohort: Int J Clin Pract ; Lipodystrophy in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients.
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism ; Kamerman Burns LA. HIV Clin ; International standards for anthropometric assessment. Potchefstroom, South Africa: International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry, Geneva, Lipschitz DA.
Screening for nutritional status in the elderly. Prim Care ; Preventing and managing the global epidemic. Report of a consultation WHO, Rev Nutr , Formulario de marcadores do consumo alimentar para individuos com 5 anos de ida-de ou mais.
Available at http: Alterations in lipid profiles in HIV-infected patients treated with protease inhibitor therapy are not influenced by diet. Nutr Clin Pract ; Section accessed Feb 26, Dietary calcium, dairy food intake and metabolic abnormalities in HIV-infected individuals.
J Hum Nutr Diet ; HIV, food security and nutrition expanded version. Section accessed Jul 23, Coronary heart disease risks and lifestyle behaviors in persons with HIV infection. Reports of a technical consultation. WHO; Dietary intake and physical activity in a Canadian population sample of male patients with HIV infection and metabolic abnormalities.
Curr HIV Res ;6: Dietary intake in HIV-infected men with lipodystrophy: Curr HIV Res ;7: Sahah Arq Bras Endocrinol Metab ; Rev bras epidemiol ;7: A randomized, clinical trial to evaluate the impact of regular physical activity on the quality of life, body morphology and metabolic parameters of patients with AIDS in Salvador, Brazil.
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr ; Braz J Infect Dis ; Adherence to Mediterranean diet is favorably associated with metabolic parameters in HIV-positive patients with the highly active antiretroviral therapy-induced metabolic syndrome and lipodystrophy. How to Find Love Online: If you're at an age where you feel nothing but creepy on Tinder, Match is a perfect alternative. The railway not all about?
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